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Emergency Kits

Home Safety Information
Emergency Kits

Western Australia (WA) is a vast state with a wonderful climate and lifestyle.

However, natural hazards such as bushfire, storm, cyclone and flood are an inevitable part of our WA landscape.

Natural hazards can be swift and unpredictable often impacting the community with devastating consequences.

Having an emergency kit is an important step to prepare and protect your household for unforeseen events.

An emergency kit is essential for short term survival providing vital items for you, your family or household.

It is a good idea to always keep your kit in a handy place known to everyone in the household.

Domestic pets need to be prepared for emergencies too. If you are a pet owner consider having a plan for your pets too and prepare a pet emergency kit.

For owners of livestock and other animals see Animal Welfare.

What's inside an emergency kit?

Your emergency kit includes items for your essential needs in the event of an emergency or natural disaster.

When you prepare your kit, include items you will require during several days of disruption to supplies such as power, water and gas.

Your kit should be stored in a waterproof storage container, kept in an accessible place and checked and resupplied every couple of months.

Supplies should be rotated and stocked up to ensure provisions are fresh and safe to use.


Items to have in your emergency kit

The following items are listed as a guide for people to consider including in their kits.

Depending on the size of your household and individual needs items may vary.

Food and water

  • *At least three litres of water per person to last for up to four days
  • Non-perishable food
  • Can opener, cutlery and cooking equipment

*Check and replace food and water every 12 months.

Other essential items

  • Rubbish bags
  • Face and dust masks and sturdy gloves
  • Blankets or sleeping bags

Medical and sanitation supplies

  • First aid kit and manual
  • Disposable gloves
  • Essential medications, prescriptions and dosage
  • Toilet paper and personal hygiene items
  • Toiletries including toothbrush, toothpaste, soap and shampoo
  • Sunscreen

Supplies for babies and small infants

  • Food, formula and drink
  • Change of clothing and nappies
  • Favourite toy and activity


  • Battery operated waterproof torch
  • Candles and waterproof matches
  • Spare batteries


  • Battery operated AM/FM radio and spare batteries
  • Fully charged mobile phone and charger or phone card
  • List of emergency contact numbers
  • Pen and paper

Important documents in sealed bags

  • Passport, birth and marriage certificates and wills, consider keeping photocopies of originals and storing them in your kit.
  • House, life, health and car licence and insurance documents
  • Medicare, pension or personal identification cards and immunisation records
  • Household emergency plan with emergency contact phone numbers
  • Photographs, important memory sticks or CDs with personal information

Clothing and footwear

  • Change of warm protective clothing and shoes
  • Garden and rubber gloves

Tools and supplies

  • Plastic garbage bags
  • Utility knife and duct/masking tape
  • Basic tool kit and supplies

Last minute items to include

  • Household emergency plan
  • Mobile phone and charger
  • Cash, credit and or debit cards
  • Extra car and house keys
  • Special requirements for infants, elderly, injured, disabled and pets
  • Sturdy gloves
  • Change of clothes for everyone
  • Wool blankets
  • Important documents and sentimental items

Emergency kits for specific natural disasters

Most emergency kits contain staple items although preparing for specific emergencies may require additional considerations.

If you are preparing a survival kit for bushfire consider including:

  • Woollen blankets
  • Bushfire protective clothing

If you are preparing a survival kit for a flood, storm or cyclone consider including:

  • Waterproof containers
  • Waterproof bags
  • Gumboots

Relocation Kit

Your relocation kit is an addition to your emergency kit.

A relocation kit is useful when you decide or authorities advise you to relocate to safer accommodation if your life and property are at risk.

If you live in a highrisk bushfire area or a region prone to flooding or cyclones, having a well prepared relocation kit will help you and your family cope better during an emergency if you need to relocate.

Always keep your kit in an accessible place or consider storing it with family and friends away from the risk area.

What’s inside a relocation kit?

It is important to include items in your kit you may require when you are away from home for an unknown period of time.

Your kit should include provisions for your family’s essential needs during an emergency or natural disaster.

You should review the contents of your kit depending on the type of risk you and your family may face. For example, a pair of gumboots or water proof clothing would be valuable to include if you live in a flood zone.

A relocation kit could include:

  • Spare clothing for each household member
  • Sleeping bags, blankets and towels
  • Pillows
  • Toiletries, tissues, toilet paper, toothpaste, toothbrushes and soap
  • Strong waterproof plastic bags and containers for important documents, photos and valuables
  • Tent or tarpaulin
  • Pens, paper or notebook
  • Books, games, playing cards
  • Spare mobile phone charger
  • Spare batteries
  • Spare house keys
  • Bottled water
  • Non-perishable food

If you have a domestic pet you should add:

  • Pet food
  • Plastic food and water bowls
  • Pet carrier/collars
  • Medication if required
  • Your veterinarian's telephone number

Items to include at the last minute:

  • Insurance documents, driving licences, important photos, passports and birth certificates, banking information
  • Cash, debit and credit cards
  • Your computer or laptop or portable back-up drive
  • If you have a pet, a carry cage
  • Essential medications
  • Baby or infant food and medications (if required)
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