If an earthquake strikes you need to remain vigilant, listen to local radio and expect aftershocks. Sometimes the first earthquake you feel may actually be a foreshock to a much larger earthquake.
It is important to follow the advice of emergency services, stay calm and help others if possible, and watch for hazards.
If an earthquake strikes and you are indoors:
- Stay indoors until the shaking stops
- Crawl under heavy furniture, a desk or table, If there is not a table or desk near you cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building or in a doorway
- Stay away from windows, chimneys and anything above you that could fall
- Do not use escalators or lifts
- Do not use matches, candles or any flame, broken gas lines and fire do not mix
- Only use telephones in an emergency
- Minimise your movements to a few steps to a nearby safe place
If you are outdoors:
- Stay outside until the shaking stops
- Keep well clear of buildings and other structures, power lines, trees and vehicles
- If in a vehicle, stop in an open area and listen to your car radio for advice
- If trapped do not move about or kick up dust, cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
- Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you, shout only as a last resort as shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust